Nutraceuticals is a broad term that is used to describe any product derived from food sources with extra health benefits. Over the years, nutraceuticals have attracted considerable interest due to their potential nutritional, safety and therapeutic effects. They have a role in a plethora of biological processes, including antioxidant defenses, cell proliferation, gene expression, and safeguarding of mitochondrial integrity . Therefore, nutraceuticals may be used to improve health, prevent chronic diseases, postpone the aging process (and in turn increase life expectancy), or just support functions and integrity of the body. They are considered to be healthy sources for prevention of life-threatening diseases such as diabetes, renal and gastrointestinal disorders, as well as different infections.
It is estimated that the global Nutraceutical Ingredients Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.8% from 2019 to reach $57.5 billion by 2025. Some of the major nutraceutical ingredients are vitamins, minerals, prebiotics and probiotics, phytochemicals and plant extracts, fiber and specialty carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids, omega fatty acids, enzymes, lipids essential oils, and others.